Mammologist is a doctor that diagnoses mammary gland diseases and provides a full complex of treatment measures to the patient.
Generally, most patients come with the following complaints:
- Pain sensation in the mammary glands (mastalgia): its severity may vary from mild to severe (impeding the normal work and rest activities). Sometimes pain may irradiate to the scapula, to the arm, to the axillary area and behind the sternum.
- Nipple discharge: may occur when pressure applied to the mammary gland or may occur spontaneously. The discharge color may vary from yellow to dark-brown and even dark-green.
- Breast engorging: tissue swelling that develops in cases of Mastopathy, may promote breast engorgement of various intensity along with the total increase in the gland volume.
These and other manifestations of Mastopathy are more expressed on women of child-bearing age, with the manifestations profile possibly changing from one menstrual cycle to another, but the manifestations are usually becoming more severe during the second phase and directly before menses, as well as during the stressful situations induced by overstraining, emotional or physical discomfort etc.
Together with Mastopathy signs of hyperestrogenism are frequently detected:
- dry skin,
- excessive weight,
- premenstrual syndrome,
- duration of menses more than 4 days,
- duration of menstrual cycle more than 28 days,
- abnormalities of the menstrual cycle,
- prolonged menstrual cycle phase one and no-ovulation cycles (ovocytes not leaving the ovaries),
- painful menses,
- heavy periods,
- ovarian cysts,
- early onset of gestational toxicosis in the past,
- glandular hyperplasia of the endometrium (excessive growth of uterine mucosa),
- uterine fibromyoma (benign uterine tumor).
Besides, during the visit to mammologist woman can bring her results of self-examination (body temperature recording – for this you need to plot a graph of changes in the rectal temperature – to be measured in the morning) conducted during 2 or 3 menstrual cycles.
The normal type of a graph is of biphasic shape when temperature rapidly increases on the ovulation day with further increase in the second phase of the cycle. If no rapid increase in the body temperature is observed or temperature changes slightly, this may be one of the signs of hyperestrogenism.