Signs and symptoms of Mastopathy may vary depending on the patient’s general status, on the age, on psychological and physiological well-being, on the Mastopathy type and on the degree of the disease progression. The abovementioned symptoms may present together and separately:
1. Breast pains.
Painful sensations that have an aching, nagging character, usually becoming more severe before menses. With each menstrual cycle the breast pain duration may increase with causing more and more discomfort. Pain may spread out of the breast area to the shoulder joint or to the armpit area. However, in some cases (10-15%) women may not experience pains. Because this symptom is induced by the compression of nerve terminations due to the presence of swelling that develops as a result of connective tissue growth and cyst formation, the intensity degree of the pain may vary depending on the individual sensitivity thresholds and depending on the specific features of the morphologic type of Mastopathy.
2. Breast augmentation volume (up to 15% of volume increase).
Mammary gland gets engorged because of the swelling in the connective tissue along with signs of venous stasis. Breast engorgement is commonly associated with migraine, gastrointestinal disorders and increased irritability.
- Upon palpation (during the examination conducted by the mammologist or during self-examination) the areas of induration are easily detectable.
- In some cases enlarged lymphatic nodes are found in the axillary area (such complaint may develop in 1 patient out of ten cases of Mastopathy).
- Nipple discharge. Generally they occur spontaneously, and in that case the discharge can be profuse, or the discharge may be visible when depressing the nipple. The discharge coloring may be absent (transparent) or it may be from brown to green color. The alarm sign is the blood-colored discharge.
- Nodular formations within the breast. Specific feature of the nodular form of Mastopathy.
If you think you have most of the symptoms described herein, you should not delay your visit to mammologist.